Educational Technology Research and Development

, Volume 55, Issue 5, pp 527–543

The underutilization of information and communication technology-assisted collaborative project-based learning among international educators: a Delphi study

  • Barry S. Kramer
  • Andrew E. Walker
  • Jennifer M. Brill

DOI: 10.1007/s11423-007-9048-3

Cite this article as:
Kramer, B.S., Walker, A.E. & Brill, J.M. Education Tech Research Dev (2007) 55: 527. doi:10.1007/s11423-007-9048-3


This study explores the barriers associated with teachers implementing information and communication technology-assisted collaborative project-based learning (ICTCPrjBL) as a classroom teaching methodology with students. We used a Web-based Delphi method to engage experienced educators in anonymous consensus building consisting of three rounds of surveys. The Round 1 analysis yielded 51 barriers. The Round 2 analysis produced descriptive statistics (range, mean, and standard deviation) on the importance of each barrier. The Round 3 analysis confirmed 16 out of the 51 (31.4%) barriers as “moderately significant” to “very significant” to implementing ICTCPrjBL. Important contributions of this study include: (a) identification of barriers to implementing ICTCPrjBL that can inform the literature and promote greater utilization throughout the educational community and (b) a cross comparison of barriers between North America, Eastern Europe, and Africa to examine regional differences.


ICTProject-based learningTelecollaborationDelphi study

Copyright information

© Association for Educational Communications and Technology 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry S. Kramer
    • 1
  • Andrew E. Walker
    • 2
  • Jennifer M. Brill
    • 3
  1. 1.Lehigh UniversityDoylestownUSA
  2. 2.Utah State UniversityLoganUSA
  3. 3.Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State UniversityBlacksburgUSA