, Volume 8, Issue 1, pp 49-50
Date: 18 Jan 2012

Effects of Exercise Interventions in Older Adults with Knee Osteoarthritis

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Knee osteoarthritis causes a decrease in physical function that is associated with mobility impairment. Mobility impairment has the potential to accelerate decline from independent living to disability and assisted living. One goal of nonpharmacologic interventions is to flatten out the slope of the disability curve to provide older adults with knee osteoarthritis more years of independent living and a good quality of life.

Results of Clinical Trials Investigating the Role of Exercise in OA

The first large-scale, multicenter trial of exercise and knee osteoarthritis was the Fitness Arthritis and Seniors Trial (FAST) [1]. FAST compared two forms of exercise, aerobic walking, and weight training to a health education control group. The intervention was 18 months in duration and consisted of 3 months of center-based exercise followed by 15 months of home-based exercise. Intensity of the weight training exercise was low to moderate using loads that were in the range of 60% of eac