Asian Journal of Criminology

, Volume 6, Issue 1, pp 51-68

First online:

Anomie and Violence in Indonesia and Timor-Leste, 1997–2009

  • John BraithwaiteAffiliated withRegNet, Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, ANU College of Asia and the Pacific, The Australian National University Email author 

Rent the article at a discount

Rent now

* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.

Get Access


The Indonesian social system began to disintegrate in 1997. In the aftermath of social collapse, many forms of state crime, organized crime, terrorism, ethnic violence, religious violence, assassinations and other political violence escalated. An anomie theory interpretation is offered of this rise and the subsequent fall of a complex of serious crime problems. Security sector reintegration, reintegration of perpetrators and reconciliation (without truth) played important parts in enabling the rebuilding of institutions of security.


Indonesia Timor-Leste Anomie Violence Reconciliation