A Preliminary 6-Month Prospective Study Examining Self-reported Religious Preference, Religiosity/Spirituality, and Retention at a Jewish Residential Treatment Center for Substance-Related Disorders

  • Iman Parhami
  • Margarit Davtian
  • Michael Collard
  • Jean Lopez
  • Timothy W. Fong
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11414-012-9279-x

Cite this article as:
Parhami, I., Davtian, M., Collard, M. et al. J Behav Health Serv Res (2014) 41: 390. doi:10.1007/s11414-012-9279-x

Abstract

Although there is a substantial amount of research suggesting that higher levels of religiosity/spirituality (R/S) are associated with better treatment outcomes of substance-related disorders, no studies have explored this relationship at a faith-based residential treatment center. The objective of this prospective study is to explore the relationship between R/S, self-reported religious preference, and retention at a Jewish residential treatment center for substance-related disorders. Using the Daily Spiritual Experience Scale, R/S levels were assessed for 33 subjects at baseline, 1 month, 3 months, and 6 months. Results demonstrated a significant relationship between baseline R/S level and retention at 6 months, while R/S levels were unchanged during the course of treatment. Notably, no relationship was found between self-reported religious affiliation and retention. This study demonstrates that patients’ R/S level, rather than religious affiliation, is a possible predictor for better outcome at faith-based residential centers for substance-related disorders.

Copyright information

© National Council for Community Behavioral Healthcare 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Iman Parhami
    • 1
  • Margarit Davtian
    • 1
  • Michael Collard
    • 1
  • Jean Lopez
    • 1
  • Timothy W. Fong
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral SciencesUniversity of California, Los AngelesLos AngelesUSA

Personalised recommendations