The Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research

, Volume 39, Issue 3, pp 245–256

Impact of Family Caregiving by Youth on Their Psychological Well-Being: A Latent Trait Analysis

  • Donna Cohen
  • Jennifer A. Greene
  • Peter A. Toyinbo
  • Constance T. Siskowski

DOI: 10.1007/s11414-011-9264-9

Cite this article as:
Cohen, D., Greene, J.A., Toyinbo, P.A. et al. J Behav Health Serv Res (2012) 39: 245. doi:10.1007/s11414-011-9264-9


Secondary data analyses were conducted on a survey dataset from 1,281 middle school students to analyze the impact of family caregiving on self-reports of psychological well-being using the Multiple Indicators, Multiple Causes (MIMIC) model. Factor analysis resulted in four latent factors underlying psychological functioning, and the MIMIC model revealed significant caregiver effects on three factors: anxiety/depression, engaged coping, and disengaged coping, but not life satisfaction. Youth caregivers, especially those living with the care recipient, reported significantly higher anxiety/depression and a greater use of both coping styles compared to non-caregivers. Caregiving has a negative influence on the emotional well-being of youth with dual student–caregiver roles. The utilization of more coping strategies may reflect needing to try many approaches to school/family stressors because supports and experience are limited. Research to clarify how caregiving mediates the behavioral health and academic success of youth and also impacts care recipients and the family is warranted.

Copyright information

© National Council for Community Behavioral Healthcare 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Donna Cohen
    • 1
  • Jennifer A. Greene
    • 2
  • Peter A. Toyinbo
    • 3
  • Constance T. Siskowski
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Child & Family StudiesUniversity of South FloridaTampaUSA
  2. 2.Department of Mental Health Law & PolicyUniversity of South FloridaTampaUSA
  3. 3.HSR&D/RR&D Center of Excellence, James A. Haley VA Medical CenterTampaUSA
  4. 4.American Association of Caregiving YouthBoca RatonUSA