Are Religiosity and Spirituality Useful Constructs in Drug Treatment Research?

  • Douglas Longshore
  • M. Douglas Anglin
  • Bradley T. Conner
Special Issue

DOI: 10.1007/s11414-008-9152-0

Cite this article as:
Longshore, D., Anglin, M.D. & Conner, B.T. J Behav Health Serv Res (2009) 36: 177. doi:10.1007/s11414-008-9152-0

Abstract

Religiosity and spirituality (R/S) have been shown to be related to better outcomes in many health service areas, including drug abuse treatment. The latter area, however, lacks a fully emergent empirical framework to guide further study. Moreover, although scientists have tested isolated hypotheses, no comprehensive process model has been designed and validated, limiting conceptual development as well. This paper reviews the relevant R/S and health research literature with a primary focus on drug treatment processes. Then a conceptual model is suggested to guide future incremental study of R/S assessment and intervention development. Implications for addiction health services include increased efforts to empirically validate R/S interventions, to increase practitioner competencies in this area, and to disseminate relevant research findings.

Keywords

drug treatment process models drug treatment outcomes 

Copyright information

© National Council for Community Behavioral Healthcare 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Douglas Longshore
    • 1
  • M. Douglas Anglin
    • 1
  • Bradley T. Conner
    • 1
  1. 1.Integrated Substance Abuse Programs, Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human BehaviorUniversity of CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA

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