, Volume 7, Issue 2, pp 133149
First online:
Towards efficient measurement of metacognition in mathematical problem solving
 Annemieke E. JacobseAffiliated withGION, University of Groningen Email author
 , Egbert G. HarskampAffiliated withGION, University of Groningen
Abstract
Metacognitive monitoring and regulation play an essential role in mathematical problem solving. Therefore, it is important for researchers and practitioners to assess students’ metacognition. One proven valid, but time consuming, method to assess metacognition is by using thinkaloud protocols. Although valuable, practical drawbacks of this method necessitate a search for more convenient measurement instruments. Less valid methods that are easy to use are selfreport questionnaires on metacognitive activities. In an empirical study in grade five (n = 39), the accuracy of students’ performance judgments and problem visualizations are combined into a new instrument for the assessment of metacognition in word problem solving. The instrument was administered to groups of students. The predictive validity of this instrument in problem solving is compared to a wellknown thinkaloud measure and a selfreport questionnaire. The results first indicate that the questionnaire has no relationship with word problem solving performance, nor the other two instruments. Further analyses show that the new instrument does overlap with the thinkaloud measure and both predict problem solving. But, both instruments also have their own unique contribution to predicting word problem solving. The results are discussed and recommendations are made to further complete the practical measurement instrument.
Keywords
Measurement Metacognition Monitoring Questionnaire Performance judgments Mathematics Title
 Towards efficient measurement of metacognition in mathematical problem solving
 Open Access
 Available under Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.
 Journal

Metacognition and Learning
Volume 7, Issue 2 , pp 133149
 Cover Date
 201208
 DOI
 10.1007/s114090129088x
 Print ISSN
 15561623
 Online ISSN
 15561631
 Publisher
 Springer US
 Additional Links
 Topics
 Keywords

 Measurement
 Metacognition
 Monitoring
 Questionnaire
 Performance judgments
 Mathematics
 Authors

 Annemieke E. Jacobse ^{(1)}
 Egbert G. Harskamp ^{(1)}
 Author Affiliations

 1. GION, University of Groningen, Grote Rozenstraat 3, 9712 TG, Groningen, The Netherlands