Overlapping Consensus or Marketplace of Religions? Rawls and Smith
- Jack Russell Weinstein
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In this paper, I examine the claim that Rawls’s overlapping consensus is too narrow to allow most mainstream religions’ participation in political discourse. I do so by asking whether religious exclusion is a consequence of belief or action, using conversion as a paradigm case. After concluding that this objection to Rawls is, in fact, defensible, and that the overlapping consensus excludes both religious belief and action, I examine an alternative approach to managing religious pluralism as presented by Adam Smith. I show that Smith’s so-called “marketplace of religions” assumes and encourages religious conversion. I then offer objections to Smith’s approach from Rawls’s point of view, concluding that, while Rawls cannot adequately respond to the Smithian challenge, in the end the two positions are complimentary.
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- Overlapping Consensus or Marketplace of Religions? Rawls and Smith
Volume 40, Issue 2 , pp 223-236
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer Netherlands
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- Adam Smith
- John Rawls
- Overlapping consensus
- Religious conversion
- Marketplace of religions
- Political liberalism
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Philosophy and Religion, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND, USA