Article

AGE

, Volume 35, Issue 5, pp 1881-1897

Neuronal overexpression of insulin receptor substrate 2 leads to increased fat mass, insulin resistance, and glucose intolerance during aging

  • J. ZemvaAffiliated withCenter for Endocrinology, Diabetes and Preventive Medicine (CEDP), University of CologneCenter for Molecular Medicine Cologne (CMMC), University of Cologne
  • , M. UdelhovenAffiliated withCenter for Endocrinology, Diabetes and Preventive Medicine (CEDP), University of CologneCenter for Molecular Medicine Cologne (CMMC), University of Cologne
  • , L. MollAffiliated withCenter for Endocrinology, Diabetes and Preventive Medicine (CEDP), University of CologneCenter for Molecular Medicine Cologne (CMMC), University of CologneBiochemistry and Molecular Biology, Institute for Molecular Research Israel—Canada (IMRIC), School of Medicine of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem
  • , S. FreudeAffiliated withCenter for Endocrinology, Diabetes and Preventive Medicine (CEDP), University of CologneCenter for Molecular Medicine Cologne (CMMC), University of Cologne
  • , O. StöhrAffiliated withCenter for Endocrinology, Diabetes and Preventive Medicine (CEDP), University of CologneCenter for Molecular Medicine Cologne (CMMC), University of Cologne
  • , H. S. BrönnekeAffiliated withCologne Cluster of Excellence in Cellular Stress Responses in Aging-associated Diseases (CECAD), University of Cologne
  • , R. B. DrakeAffiliated withCenter for Endocrinology, Diabetes and Preventive Medicine (CEDP), University of CologneCenter for Molecular Medicine Cologne (CMMC), University of Cologne
  • , W. KroneAffiliated withCenter for Endocrinology, Diabetes and Preventive Medicine (CEDP), University of CologneCenter for Molecular Medicine Cologne (CMMC), University of CologneCologne Cluster of Excellence in Cellular Stress Responses in Aging-associated Diseases (CECAD), University of Cologne
  • , M. SchubertAffiliated withCenter for Endocrinology, Diabetes and Preventive Medicine (CEDP), University of CologneCenter for Molecular Medicine Cologne (CMMC), University of CologneCologne Cluster of Excellence in Cellular Stress Responses in Aging-associated Diseases (CECAD), University of Cologne Email author 

Rent the article at a discount

Rent now

* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.

Get Access

Abstract

The insulin receptor substrates (IRS) are adapter proteins mediating insulin's and IGF1's intracellular effects. Recent data suggest that IRS2 in the central nervous system (CNS) is involved in regulating fuel metabolism as well as memory formation. The present study aims to specifically define the role of chronically increased IRS2-mediated signal transduction in the CNS. We generated transgenic mice overexpressing IRS2 specifically in neurons (nIRS2 tg) and analyzed these in respect to energy metabolism, learning, and memory. Western blot (WB) analysis of nIRS2 tg brain lysates revealed increased IRS2 downstream signaling. Histopathological investigation of nIRS2 tg mice proved unaltered brain development and structure. Interestingly, nIRS2 tg mice showed decreased voluntary locomotoric activity during dark phase accompanied with decreased energy expenditure (EE) leading to increased fat mass. Accordingly, nIRS2 tg mice develop insulin resistance and glucose intolerance during aging. Exploratory behavior, motor function as well as food and water intake were unchanged in nIRS2 tg mice. Surprisingly, increased IRS2-mediated signals did not change spatial working memory in the T-maze task. Since FoxO1 is a key mediator of IRS2-transmitted signals, we additionally generated mice expressing a dominant negative mutant of FoxO1 (FoxO1DN) specifically in neurons. This mutant mimics the effect of increased IRS2 signaling on FoxO-mediated transcription. Interestingly, the phenotype observed in nIRS2 tg mice was not present in FoxO1DN mice. Therefore, increased neuronal IRS2 signaling causes decreased locomotoric activity in the presence of unaltered exploratory behavior and motor coordination that might lead to increased fat mass, insulin resistance, and glucose intolerance during aging independent of FoxO1-mediated transcription.

Keywords

IRS2 Brain Mice Insulin resistance Diabetes Locomotoric activity