Longevity in mice: is stress resistance a common factor?
- H. M. Brown-BorgAffiliated withDepartment of Pharmacology, Physiology and Therapeutics, University of North Dakota School of Medicine and Health Sciences Email author
A positive relationship between stress resistance and longevity has been reported in a multitude of studies in organisms ranging from yeast to mice. Several mouse lines have been discovered or developed that exhibit extended longevities when compared with normal, wild-type mice of the same genetic background. These long-living lines include the Ames dwarf, Snell dwarf, growth hormone receptor knockout (Laron dwarf), IGF-1 receptor heterozygote, Little, α-MUPA knockout, p66shc knockout, FIRKO, mClk-1 heterozygote, thioredoxin transgenic, and most recently the Klotho transgenic mouse. These mice are described in terms of the reported extended lifespans and studies involving resistance to stress. In addition, caloric restriction (CR) and stress resistance are briefly addressed for comparison with genetically altered mice. Although many of the long-living mice have GH/IGF-1/insulin signaling-related alterations and enhanced stress resistance, there are some that exhibit life extension without an obvious link to this hormone pathway. Resistance to oxidative stress is by far the most common system studied in long-living mice, but there is evidence of enhancement of resistance in other systems as well. The differences in stress resistance between long-living mutant and normal mice result from complex interrelationships among pathways that appear to coordinate signals of growth and metabolism, and subsequently result in differences in lifespan.
Key wordsmutant mice lifespan oxidative stress hormesis
- Longevity in mice: is stress resistance a common factor?
- Open Access
- Available under Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.
Volume 28, Issue 2 , pp 145-162
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- Springer Netherlands
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- mutant mice
- oxidative stress
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- H. M. Brown-Borg (1)
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Pharmacology, Physiology and Therapeutics, University of North Dakota School of Medicine and Health Sciences, 501 North Columbia Road, Grand Forks, ND, 58203, USA