Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 18, Issue 6, pp 890–896

The bioaccumulation and translocation of Fe, Zn, and Cu in species of mushrooms from Russula genus


  • Gabriela Busuioc
    • Valahia University of Târgovişte
    • Valahia University of Târgovişte
  • Claudia Stihi
    • Valahia University of Târgovişte
  • Stefania Iordache
    • Valahia University of Târgovişte
  • Sorin Constantin Ciulei
    • Valahia University of Târgovişte
Research Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11356-011-0446-z

Cite this article as:
Busuioc, G., Elekes, C.C., Stihi, C. et al. Environ Sci Pollut Res (2011) 18: 890. doi:10.1007/s11356-011-0446-z



Many previous studies revealed a high ability of mushrooms to accumulate heavy metals from environment. This paper concerns the capacity of some wild macromycetes belonging to Russula genus to accumulate heavy metals in natural condition of pH (between 6.5 and 6.8) and the pattern of metal translocation in the fruiting body.

Materials and methods

The studied Russula species are Russula virescens, Russula cyanoxantha, Russula foetens, and Russula nigrescens, which were harvested from forestry ecosystem from South Romania. The metal concentration in mushrooms and their substrate was established by EDXRF method.

Results and discussion

The concentrations of iron (Fe), zinc (Zn), and copper (Cu) in the fruiting body depends on species and vary between 58.83–340.34, 19.70–99.62, and 5.03–9.37 mg/kg for Fe, Zn, and Cu, respectively. The bioaccumulation factor has subunit values for the three studied trace metals, which show the low capacity of these species of mushrooms to accumulate metals if the concentrations in soil increase over the normal threshold for these elements. The high values of translocation factor demonstrate the mobility of Fe, Zn, and Cu in the studied mushrooms.


MacromycetesHeavy metalsBioaccumulationTranslocation

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011