Environmental Science and Pollution Research

, Volume 17, Issue 8, pp 1433–1447

Application of laser ablation ICP-MS and traditional techniques to the study of black crusts on building stones: a new methodological approach

  • Donatella Barca
  • Cristina Maria Belfiore
  • Gino Mirocle Crisci
  • Mauro Francesco La Russa
  • Antonino Pezzino
  • Silvestro Antonio Ruffolo
Research Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11356-010-0329-8

Cite this article as:
Barca, D., Belfiore, C.M., Crisci, G.M. et al. Environ Sci Pollut Res (2010) 17: 1433. doi:10.1007/s11356-010-0329-8

Abstract

Introduction

In this work, we propose an innovative application of laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) as a methodological approach for the chemical characterisation of black crusts on stone monuments, associated with traditional micro-morphological (optical and scanning electron microscopy) and infrared spectroscopic techniques (FTIR).

Methods

This new approach was tested on black crusts developing on two marble substrates, one, the columns of the San Cosimato cloister in Rome, and the other, a sculpture representing an angel, located in Pessano con Bornago, a small industrial town near Milan.

Discussion

The main aim of this study was to develop and test the reliability of the LA-ICP-MS analytical method on black crusts and to explore the idea that trace element concentrations in black crusts can be applied to investigate their origin and the relations between concentrations of polluting elements in black crusts and environmental conditions.

Conclusion

The results obtained by applying traditional techniques find considerable support in the innovative method used here, which could determine the concentrations of a large number of trace elements (including heavy metals) in the black crusts examined, and thus could also be used as a reliable indicator of environmental pollution.

Keywords

LA-ICP-MSBlack crustsMarble substrateTrace elementsEnvironmental pollution

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Donatella Barca
    • 1
  • Cristina Maria Belfiore
    • 2
  • Gino Mirocle Crisci
    • 1
  • Mauro Francesco La Russa
    • 1
  • Antonino Pezzino
    • 2
  • Silvestro Antonio Ruffolo
    • 1
  1. 1.Dipartimento di Scienze della TerraUniversità della CalabriaArcavacata di Rende (CS)Italy
  2. 2.Dipartimento di Scienze GeologicheUniversità di CataniaCataniaItaly