Allergic risk in sport: public health issues
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- Frangella, C., Chiaradia, G., Rizzi, A. et al. Sport Sci Health (2011) 6: 77. doi:10.1007/s11332-011-0100-7
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The allergic risk in sport is an emerging issue of relevance for public health. Several natural and synthetic allergens are present in indoor and outdoor sport environments. Epidemiological data show the widespread high incidence of allergies in the population. Elite athletes have been observed to have a high prevalence of allergic reactions and exposure to allergens during training and competitions is a concern for environmental occupational medicine. The connection between exercise-induced bronchoconstriction, genetics and environment is still debated. In recent decades, interest in this field has been growing as shown by the increasing number of ISI/PubMed publications. The main allergens present in the sport and physical activity environments are classified and reported here.