Allergic risk in sport: public health issues

  • Claudia Frangella
  • Giacomina Chiaradia
  • Angela Rizzi
  • Gabriele Rumi
  • Saverio Giampaoli
  • Arianna Aruanno
  • Francesca Gallè
  • Erika Montuori
  • Giorgio Liguori
  • Domenico Schiavino
  • Vincenzo Romano Spica
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11332-011-0100-7

Cite this article as:
Frangella, C., Chiaradia, G., Rizzi, A. et al. Sport Sci Health (2011) 6: 77. doi:10.1007/s11332-011-0100-7

Abstract

The allergic risk in sport is an emerging issue of relevance for public health. Several natural and synthetic allergens are present in indoor and outdoor sport environments. Epidemiological data show the widespread high incidence of allergies in the population. Elite athletes have been observed to have a high prevalence of allergic reactions and exposure to allergens during training and competitions is a concern for environmental occupational medicine. The connection between exercise-induced bronchoconstriction, genetics and environment is still debated. In recent decades, interest in this field has been growing as shown by the increasing number of ISI/PubMed publications. The main allergens present in the sport and physical activity environments are classified and reported here.

Key words

AllergyHigh-level sportExerciseinduced asthmaExercise-induced bronchoconstrictionPublic health

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Claudia Frangella
    • 1
  • Giacomina Chiaradia
    • 1
  • Angela Rizzi
    • 2
  • Gabriele Rumi
    • 2
  • Saverio Giampaoli
    • 1
  • Arianna Aruanno
    • 2
  • Francesca Gallè
    • 3
  • Erika Montuori
    • 1
  • Giorgio Liguori
    • 3
  • Domenico Schiavino
    • 2
  • Vincenzo Romano Spica
    • 2
  1. 1.Dipartimento di Scienze della SaluteUniversità di Roma “Foro Italico”RomeItaly
  2. 2.Scuola di Specializzazione Allergologia ed ImmunologiaUniversità Cattolica RomaRomeItaly
  3. 3.Dipartimento di Studi delle Istituzioni e dei Sistemi TerritorialiUniversità di Napoli “Parthenope”NaplesItaly