Sleep and Breathing

, Volume 18, Issue 3, pp 467–473

Sleepiness and nocturnal hypoxemia in Peruvian men with obstructive sleep apnea

  • Charles Huamaní
  • Jorge Rey de Castro
  • Edward Mezones-Holguín
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11325-013-0907-3

Cite this article as:
Huamaní, C., Rey de Castro, J. & Mezones-Holguín, E. Sleep Breath (2014) 18: 467. doi:10.1007/s11325-013-0907-3



To evaluate the intensity of nocturnal hypoxemia associated with sleepiness in Peruvian men with a diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA).


We carried out a secondary data analysis based on a study which includes patients with OSA who were seen in a private hospital in Lima, Peru from 2006 to 2012. We included male adults who had polysomnographic recordings and who answered the Epworth sleepiness scale (ESE). The intensity of nocturnal hypoxemia (oxygen saturation ≤90 %) was classified in four new categories: 0, <1, 1 to 10 and >10 % total sleep time with nocturnal hypoxemia (NH). When the ESE score was higher than 10, we used the definitions presence or absence of sleepiness. We used Poisson regression models with robust variance to estimate crude and adjusted prevalence ratios (PR) for association between sleepiness and NH.


518 male patients with OSA were evaluated. Four hundred and fifty-two (87 %) patients had NH and 262 (51 %) had sleepiness. Of the 142 (27.4 %) patients who had >10 % total sleep time with NH, 98 (69.0 %) showed sleepiness and had a greater probability of sleepiness prevalence, with a crude PR of 1.82 (95 % CI 1.31–2.53). This association persisted in the multivariate models.


We found an association between NH and sleepiness. Only patients with the major intensity of NH (over 10 % of the total sleep time) had a greater probability of sleepiness. This suggests that sleepiness probably occurs after a chronic process and after overwhelming compensatory mechanisms.


Obstructive sleep apneaSleepinessNocturnal hypoxemiaPeruPolysomnographyEpworth sleepiness scale

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Charles Huamaní
    • 1
    • 2
    • 5
  • Jorge Rey de Castro
    • 2
    • 3
  • Edward Mezones-Holguín
    • 1
    • 4
  1. 1.Instituto Nacional de SaludLimaPeru
  2. 2.Universidad Peruana Cayetano HerediaLimaPeru
  3. 3.Centro de Trastornos Respiratorios del Sueño (CENTRES)Clínica Anglo AmericanaLimaPeru
  4. 4.Escuela de MedicinaUniversidad Peruana de Ciencias AplicadasLimaPeru
  5. 5.LimaPeru