Sleep and Breathing

, Volume 13, Issue 3, pp 227–232

Symptoms and risk of obstructive sleep apnea in primary care patients in Jordan

  • Basheer Khassawneh
  • Mohammad Ghazzawi
  • Yousef Khader
  • Mousa Alomari
  • Zouhair Amarin
  • Bashar Shahrour
  • Mohanad Hammouda
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11325-008-0240-4

Cite this article as:
Khassawneh, B., Ghazzawi, M., Khader, Y. et al. Sleep Breath (2009) 13: 227. doi:10.1007/s11325-008-0240-4

Abstract

Purpose

Primary care is central for the diagnosis and treatment of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of symptoms and risk of OSA in primary care in Jordan.

Methods

A cross-sectional survey was conducted between July and October 2006. Adult patients attending primary health care in the north of Jordan were included and the Berlin questionnaire was utilized.

Results

A total of 1,205 patients completed the questionnaire, 46% were males, and mean age was 32.2 years. Based on the Berlin questionnaire definition, the overall OSA risk was 16.8%, snoring was present in 28.7% and frequent daytime fatigue or tiredness in 33.9%. OSA risk increased with age. For age groups <30 years, 30–59 years, and ≥60 years OSA risk was 5.4%, 28.4%, and 45.9%, respectively, (p < 0.005). OSA risk was higher in men than women (19.3% vs. 14.7%, respectively, p < 0.04). Age of ≥30 years, chronic nasal congestion and illiteracy were associated with an increased risk of OSA.

Conclusions

Obstructive sleep apnea, snoring, and daytime sleepiness were common among Jordanian patients attending primary care clinics. More attention to OSA is needed in primary care, and patients at risk should be referred for further evaluation.

Keywords

Obstructive sleep apneaSnoringDaytime sleepinessPrevalencePrimary careBerlin questionnaireJordan

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Basheer Khassawneh
    • 1
  • Mohammad Ghazzawi
    • 1
  • Yousef Khader
    • 2
  • Mousa Alomari
    • 2
  • Zouhair Amarin
    • 3
  • Bashar Shahrour
    • 4
  • Mohanad Hammouda
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Medicine, Faculty of MedicineJordan University of Science and TechnologyIrbidJordan
  2. 2.Department of Public Health and Community and Family Medicine, Faculty of MedicineJordan University of Science and TechnologyIrbidJordan
  3. 3.Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of MedicineJordan University of Science and TechnologyIrbidJordan
  4. 4.Faculty of MedicineJordan University of Science and TechnologyIrbidJordan