Purinergic Signalling

, Volume 5, Issue 3, pp 269–272

An evolutionary history of P2X receptors

Review

DOI: 10.1007/s11302-008-9127-x

Cite this article as:
Fountain, S.J. & Burnstock, G. Purinergic Signalling (2009) 5: 269. doi:10.1007/s11302-008-9127-x

Abstract

Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is an ancient and fundamentally important biological molecule involved in both intracellular and extracellular activities. P2X ionotropic and P2Y metabotropic receptors have been cloned and characterised in mammals. ATP plays a central physiological role as a transmitter molecule in processes including the sensation of pain, taste, breathing and inflammation via the activation of P2X receptors. P2X receptors are structurally distinct from glutamate and Cys-loop/nicotinic receptors and form the third major class of ligand-gated ion channel. Yet, despite the importance of P2X receptors, both as physiological mediators and therapeutic targets, the evolutionary origins and phylogenicity of ATP signalling via P2X receptors remain unclear.

Keywords

ATPEvolutionP2XP2YReceptor

Abbreviations

LGICs

Ligand-gated ion channels

ESTs

Expressed sequence tags

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Membrane & Systems Biology, Faculty of Biological SciencesUniversity of LeedsLeedsUK
  2. 2.Autonomic Neuroscience CentreRoyal Free and University College Medical SchoolLondonUK