Expression profiling in HcrVf2-transformed apple plants in response to Venturia inaequalis
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- Paris, R., Cova, V., Pagliarani, G. et al. Tree Genetics & Genomes (2009) 5: 81. doi:10.1007/s11295-008-0177-6
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Apple scab resistance is one of the most well-characterized plant–pathogen interactions in a woody plant species. While the HcrVf2 gene from the wild apple Malus floribunda 821 has proved capable of conferring scab resistance to the susceptible cv. Gala after genetic transformation, its identification represents only the first step in understanding the molecular mechanisms and, hence, the network of genes underlying the defence response. We used a PCR-based suppression subtractive hybridization to identify apple genes that are differentially expressed after Venturia inaequalis inoculation. Subtractive hybridization was performed between cDNA from challenged leaves of HcrVf2-resistant transgenic Gala and susceptible cv. Gala plants. A library of 523 unigenes was constructed and characterized by assigning a putative function via comparison with public databases. This set of pathogen-modulated apple genes includes many defence-related genes and is therefore an important source of information for understanding the molecular basis of the Malus–V. inaequalis interaction.