Tree Genetics & Genomes

, Volume 4, Issue 4, pp 589–600

Quantitative proteomic analysis of short photoperiod and low-temperature responses in bark tissues of peach (Prunus persica L. Batsch)

  • Jenny Renaut
  • Jean-François Hausman
  • Carole Bassett
  • Timothy Artlip
  • Henry-Michel Cauchie
  • Erwin Witters
  • Michael Wisniewski
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s11295-008-0134-4

Cite this article as:
Renaut, J., Hausman, JF., Bassett, C. et al. Tree Genetics & Genomes (2008) 4: 589. doi:10.1007/s11295-008-0134-4


In the temperate climate of the northern hemisphere, winter survival of woody plants is determined by the ability to acclimate to freezing temperatures and to undergo a period of dormancy. Cold acclimation in many woody plants is initially induced by short photoperiod and low, non-freezing temperatures. These two factors (5°C and short photoperiod) were used to study changes in the proteome of bark tissues of 1-year-old peach trees. Difference in-gel electrophoresis technology, a gel-based approach involving the labeling of proteins with different fluorescent dyes, was used to conduct a quantitative assessment of changes in the peach bark proteome during cold acclimation. Using this approach, we were able to identify differentially expressed proteins and to assign them to a class of either ‘temperature-responsive’ or ‘photoperiod-responsive’ proteins. The most significant factor affecting the proteome appeared to be low temperature, while the combination of low temperature and short photoperiod was shown to act either synergistically or additively on the expression of some proteins. Fifty-seven protein spots on gels were identified by mass spectrometry. They included proteins involved in carbohydrate metabolism (e.g., enolase, malate dehydrogenase, etc), defense or protective mechanisms (e.g., dehydrin, HSPs, and PR-proteins), energy production and electron transport (e.g., adenosine triphosphate synthases and lyases), and cytoskeleton organization (e.g., tubulins and actins). The information derived from the analysis of the proteome is discussed as a function of the two treatment factors: low temperature and short photoperiod.


ProteomeCold hardinessCold acclimation


2D (E)

bidimensional (electrophoresis)


abscisic acid




difference in-gel electrophoresis




heat-shock protein


immobilized pH gradient


long day


low temperature


pathogenesis-related proteins


short day


trichloroacetic acid


suppression subtractive hybridization

Supplementary material

11295_2008_134_MOESM1_ESM.doc (292 kb)
Supplemental materialSummary of the identified proteins, differentially regulated by LT and/or SD or by a combination of both factors, as determined by the ANCOVA. aAccession numbers are issued from ExPASY website (SWISS_Prot database,, bscore = Mascot-MOWSE score, cnumber of peptides matched in databases, dtotal ion score = score calculated by weighting ion scores for all individual peptides matched to a given protein. eP value of the ANCOVA two-ways analysis: in green cells, the abundance values showing an increase; in orange cells, the abundance values showing a decrease. (DOC 292 KB)

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jenny Renaut
    • 1
  • Jean-François Hausman
    • 1
  • Carole Bassett
    • 2
  • Timothy Artlip
    • 2
  • Henry-Michel Cauchie
    • 1
  • Erwin Witters
    • 3
  • Michael Wisniewski
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Environment and AgrobiotechnologiesCentre de Recherche Public–Gabriel LippmannBelvauxGD Luxembourg
  2. 2.Appalachian Fruit Research Station, Agricultural Research ServiceUS Department of AgricultureKearneysvilleUSA
  3. 3.Center for Proteome Analysis and Mass SpectrometryUniversity of AntwerpAntwerpBelgium