Journal of Experimental Criminology

, Volume 9, Issue 3, pp 355-367

First online:

Developing a reporting guideline for social and psychological intervention trials

  • Sean GrantAffiliated withCentre for Evidence-Based Intervention, University of Oxford Email author 
  • , Evan Mayo-WilsonAffiliated withCentre for Outcomes Research and Effectiveness, Research Department of Clinical, Educational & Health Psychology, University College London
  • , Sally HopewellAffiliated withCentre for Statistics in Medicine, University of Oxford
  • , Geraldine MacdonaldAffiliated withInstitute of Child Care Research, Queen’s University Belfast
  • , David MoherAffiliated withClinical Epidemiology Program, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Centre for Practice-Changing Research (CPCR), The Ottawa Hospital
  • , Paul MontgomeryAffiliated withCentre for Evidence-Based Intervention, University of Oxford

Rent the article at a discount

Rent now

* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.

Get Access



Social and psychological interventions are often complex. Understanding randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of these complex interventions requires a detailed description of the interventions tested and the methods used to evaluate them; however, RCT reports often omit, or inadequately report, this information. Incomplete and inaccurate reporting hinders the optimal use of research, wastes resources, and fails to meet ethical obligations to research participants and consumers.


In this paper, we explain how reporting guidelines have improved the quality of reports in medicine, and describe the on-going development of a new reporting guideline for RCTs: CONSORT-SPI (an extension for social and psychological interventions).

Results and conclusions

We invite readers to participate in the project by visiting our website, in order to help us reach the best-informed consensus on these guidelines (http://​tinyurl.​com/​CONSORT-study).


Randomised controlled trial RCT CONSORT-SPI Reporting guideline Reporting standards