Wireless Networks

, Volume 12, Issue 4, pp 481–494

Energy-aware on-demand routing protocols for wireless ad hoc networks


DOI: 10.1007/s11276-006-6547-9

Cite this article as:
Zhang, B. & Mouftah, H.T. Wireless Netw (2006) 12: 481. doi:10.1007/s11276-006-6547-9


Energy use is a crucial design concern in wireless ad hoc networks since wireless terminals are typically battery-operated. The design objectives of energy-aware routing are two folds: Selecting energy-efficient paths and minimizing the protocol overhead incurred for acquiring such paths. To achieve these goals simultaneously, we present the design of several on-demand energy-aware routing protocols. The key idea behind our design is to adaptively select the subset of nodes that are required to involve in a route-searching process in order to acquire a high residual-energy path and/or the degree to which nodes are required to participate in the process of searching for a low-power path in networks wherein nodes have transmission power adjusting capability. Analytical and simulation results are given to demonstrate the high performance of the designed protocols in energy-efficient utilization as well as in reducing the protocol overhead incurred in acquiring energy-efficient routes.


Wireless ad hoc networksEnergy useRouting

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, LLC 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Software EngineeringGraduate University of the Chinese Academy of ScienceBeijingP.R. China
  2. 2.School of Information Technology and EngineeringUniversity of OttawaOttawaCanada