, Volume 13, Issue 3, pp 409-423

SENDROM: Sensor networks for disaster relief operations management

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Abstract

SENDROM is a new sensor network architecture to manage the rescue operations after large scale disasters. This architecture mainly consists of sensor nodes deployed prior to a disaster and central nodes that can query sensor nodes. Central nodes are stored nearby the emergency operation centers and airports before a disaster. Following a disaster rescue teams are assigned one mobile central node and guided to a region based on the data in the SENDROM database. This paper explains the SENDROM architecture as well as our new task and data dissemination, localization of a detected person, and end-to-end reliable event transfer schemes introduced for SENDROM. Then it evaluates the performance of these schemes analytically and through simulation.

Erdal Cayirci graduated from Turkish Army Academy in 1986, and from Royal Military Academy Sandhurst in 1989. He received his MS degree from Middle East Technical University, and the PhD degree from Bogazici University in computer engineering in 1995 and 2000, respectively. He was a visiting researcher and a visiting lecturer with the School of Electrical and Computer Engineering at Georgia Institute of Technology in 2001. He is Chief CAX Support Branch in NATO Joint Warfare Center, and director of GeNeT Laboratories in Istanbul. His research interests include sensor networks, mobile communications, tactical communications, and military constructive simulation. He was an editor for IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing, AdHoc Networks (Elsevier Science), ACM/Kluwer Wireless Networks, ASP Sensor Letters. He received 2002 IEEE Communications Society Best Tutorial Paper Award for his paper titled “A Survey on Sensor Networks” published in the IEEE Communications Magazine in August 2002, and “Fikri Gayret” Award from Turkish Chief of General Staff in 2003.
Tolga Cöplü was born in Çorum in 1979. He received his B.S. and M.S degrees in Computer Engineering from Istanbul Technical University (ITU), Turkey in 2001 and 2004, respectively. He is currently working toward the Ph.D degree in Computer Science at ITU. His research interests include mesh networks, sensor networks, collaborating objects and array signal processing.