, Volume 29, Issue 3, pp 447-458
Date: 08 Nov 2012

Expression of glycoproteins bearing complex human-like glycans with galactose terminal in Hansenula polymorpha

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Glycoproteins derived from Hansenula polymorpha can not be used for therapeutic purposes due to their high-mannose type asparagine-linked (N-linked) glycans, which result in immune reactions and poor pharmacokinetic behaviors in human body. Previously, we reported that the trimannosyl core N-linked glycans (Man3GlcNAc2) intermediate can be generated in endoplasmic reticulum in HpALG3 and HpALG11 double-mutant H. polymorpha. Here, we describe the further modification of the glycosylation pathway in this double-defect strain to express glycoproteins with complex human-like glycans. After eliminating the impact of HpOCH1, three glycosyltransferases were introduced into this triple-mutant strain. When human β-1,2-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase I (hGnTI) was efficiently targeted in early Golgi, more than 95 % glycans attached to the glycoproteins were added one N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc). With subsequently introduction of rat β-1,2-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase II (rGnTII) and human β-1,4-galactosyltransferase I (hGalTI), several glycoengineered strains can produce glycoproteins bearing glycans with terminal N-acetylglucosamine or galactose. The expression of glycoproteins with glycan Gal2GlcNAc2Man3GlcNAc2 represents a significant step toward the ability to express fully humanized glycoproteins in H. polymorpha. Furthermore, several shake-flask and bioreactor fermentation experiments indicated that, although the cells do display a reduction in growth rate, the glycoengineered strains are still suitable for high-density fermentation.