, Volume 27, Issue 4, pp 767-771

Isolation and characterization of an antimicrobial peptide from bovine hemoglobin α-subunit

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In this study, a novel 18-residue linear antimicrobial peptide derived from the central part of the bovine hemoglobin α-subunit was identified. The peptide was purified by a combination of cationic exchange and reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography. The sequence was determined to be VNFKLLSHSLLVTLASHL. The theoretical molecular weight of this peptide was calculated to be 1992.38 Da, which is the same as that determined (1992.401 Da) by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization mass spectrometry. Sequence analysis showed that there is a high degree of homology in this peptide among hemoglobin α-subunits of bovine, sheep, deer, porcine, and human. In a radial-diffusion plate assay, this purified peptide exhibited antimicrobial activity against Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, and Candida albicans.