, Volume 25, Issue 12, pp 2103-2111
Date: 16 Jul 2009

Screening of marine actinomycetes isolated from the Bay of Bengal, India for antimicrobial activity and industrial enzymes

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A total of 288 marine samples were collected from different locations of the Bay of Bengal starting from Pulicat lake to Kanyakumari, and 208 isolates of marine actinomycetes were isolated using starch casein agar medium. The growth pattern, mycelial coloration, production of exopolysaccharides and diffusible pigment and abundance of Streptomyces spp. were documented. Among marine actinomycetes, Streptomyces spp. were present in large proportion (88%). Among 208 marine actinomycetes, 111 isolates exhibited antimicrobial activity against human pathogens, and 151 showed antifungal activity against two plant pathogens. Among 208 isolates, 183, 157, 116, 72 and 68 isolates produced lipase, caseinase, gelatinase, cellulase and amylase, respectively. The results of diversity, antimicrobial activity and enzymes production have increased the scope of finding industrially important marine actinomycetes from the Bay of Bengal and these organisms could be vital sources for the discovery of industrially useful molecules/enzymes.