Decolorization of Some Reactive Textile Dyes by White Rot Fungi Isolated in Pakistan Article Received: 12 February 2005 Accepted: 12 April 2005 DOI:
10.1007/s11274-005-5743-6 Cite this article as: Asgher, M., Shah, S.A.H., Ali, M. et al. World J Microbiol Biotechnol (2006) 22: 89. doi:10.1007/s11274-005-5743-6 Summary
Four white-rot fungi isolated in Pakistan were used for decolorization of widely used reactive textile dyestuffs.
Phanerochaete chrysosporium, Coriolus versicolor, Ganoderma lucidum and Pleurotus ostreatus were grown in defined nutrient media for decolorization of Drimarene Orange K-GL, Remazol Brilliant Yellow 3GL, Procion BluePX-5R and Cibacron Blue P-3RGR for 10 days in shake flasks. Samples were removed every day, centrifuged and the absorbances of the supernatants were read to determine percentage decolorization. It was observed that P. chrysosporium and C. versicolor could effectively decolorize Remazol Brilliant Yellow 3GL, Procion BluePX-5R and Cibacron Blue P-3RGR. Drimarene Orange K-GL was completely decolorized (0.2 g/l after 8 days) only by P.chrysosporium, followed by P. ostreatus (0.17 g/l after 10 days). P. ostreatus also showed good decolorization efficiencies (0.19–0.2 g/l) on all dyes except Remazol Brilliant Yellow (0.07 g/l after 10 days). G. lucidum did not decolorize any of the dyestuffs to an appreciable extent except Remazol Brilliant Yellow (0.2 g/l after 8 days). Keywords Bioremediation decolorization potential industrial effluents reactive textile dyestuffs white-rot fungi References Adosinda, M., Martins, M., Ferreira, I.C., Santos, I.M., Queiroz, M.J., Loima, N. 2001 Biodegradation of bioaccessible textile azo dyes by Phanerochaete chrysosporium Journal of Biotechnology 89 91 98 Google Scholar Baldrian, P., Gabriel, J. 2003 Lignocellulose degradation by Pleurotus ostreatus in the presence of cadmium FEMS Microbiology Letters 220 235 240 CrossRef Google Scholar Barclay, C.D., Moore, D.M., Lander, S.R., Legge, R.L. 1990 Heat denaturation kinetics of lignin peroxidases from Phanerochaete chrysosporium Enzyme and Microbial Technology 12 778 782 CrossRef Google Scholar Boer, C.G., Obici, L., Souza, C.G.M., Piralta, R.M. 2004 Decolourization of synthetic dyes by solid state cultures of Lentinula (Lentinus) edodes producing manganese peroxidase as the main lignolytic enzyme Bioresource Technology 94 107 112 CrossRef Google Scholar Brodkorb, T.S., Legge, R.L. 1992 Enhanced biodegradation of phenanthrene in oil tar contaminated soils supplemented with Phanerochaete chrysosporium Applied and Environmental Microbiology 58 3117 3121 Google Scholar Chung, K.T., Stevens, S., Jr. 1993 Decolourization of azo dyes by environmental microorganisms and helminths Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 12 2121 2132 Google Scholar Fu, Y., Viraraghavan, T. 2001 Fungal decolorization of dye wastewater: a review Bioresource Technology 79 251 262 CrossRef Google Scholar Heinfling, A., Bergbauer, M., Szewyk, U. 1997 Biodegradation of azo and phthalocyanin dyes by Trametes versicolor and Bjerkandera adusta Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 48 261 266 CrossRef Google Scholar Kamitsuji, H.Y., Watanabe, T., Kuwahara, M. 2005 Mn 2+ is dispensable for the production of active MnP2 by Pleurotus ostreatus Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 327 871 876 CrossRef Google Scholar Kapdan, I.K., Kargi, F., McMullan, G., Marchant, R. 2000 Comparison of white-rot fungi cultures for decolorization of textile dye-stuffs Bioprocess Engineering 22 347 351 CrossRef Google Scholar Kay-Shoemake, J.L., Watwood, M.E. 1996 Limitations of the lignin peroxidase system of the white-rot fungus, Phanerochaete chrysosporium Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 46 438 442 Google Scholar Kirby, N., Marchant, R., McMullan, G. 2000 Decolourization of synthetic textile dyes by Phlebia tremellosa FEMS Microbiology Letters 188 93 96 Google Scholar Knapp, J.S., Zhang, F., Tapley, N.K. 1997 Decolourization of Orange II by a wood-rotting fungus Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology 69 289 296 CrossRef Google Scholar Maas, R., Chaudhari, S. 2005 Adsorption and biological decolorization of azo dye Reactive Red 2 in semi continuous anaerobic reactors Process Biochemistry 40 699 705 CrossRef Google Scholar Mazmanci, M.A., Ünyayar, A. 2005 Decolourization of Reactive Black 5 by Funalia trogii immobilized on Luffa cylindrica sponge Process Biochemistry 40 337 342 CrossRef Google Scholar Nagai, M., Sato, T., Watanabe, H., Saito, K., Kawata, M., Enei, H. 2002 Purification and characterization of an extracellular laccase from the edible mushroom Lentinula edodes, and decolorization of chemically different dyes Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 60 327 335 Google Scholar O’Neill, C., Hawkes, F.R., Hawkes, D.L., Lourenco, N.D., Pinheiro, H.M., Delee, W. 1999 Colour in textile effluents: sources, measurement, discharge consents and simulation: a review Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology 74 1009 1018 Google Scholar Pala, A., Toket, E. 2002 Color removal from cotton textile industry wastewater by an activated sludge system with various additives Water Research 36 2920 2925 CrossRef Google Scholar Pasti-Gragsby, M.B., Paszczynski, A., Goszczynski, S., Crawforg, D.L., Crawford, R.L. 1992 Influence of aromatic substitution patterns on azo dye degrability by Streptomyces spp. and Phanerochaete chrysosporium Applied and Environmental Microbiology 58 3605 3613 Google Scholar Reddy, A. 1995 The potential for white-rot fungi in the treatment of pollutants Current Opinion in Biotechnology 6 320 328 CrossRef Google Scholar Robinson, T., McMullan, G., Marchant, R., Nigam, P. 2001 Remediation of dyes in textile effluent: a critical review on current treatment technologies with a proposed alternative Bioresource Technology 77 247 255 CrossRef Google Scholar Shaul, G.M., Holdsworth, T.J., Dempsey, C.R., Dostal, K.A. 1991 Fate of water soluble azo dyes in the activated sludge process Chemosphere 22 107 119 CrossRef Google Scholar Spadaro, J.T., Gold, M.H., Ranganathan, V. 1992 Degradation of azo dyes by the lignin-degrading fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium Applied and Environmental Microbiology 58 2397 2401 Google Scholar Swamy, J., Ramsay, J.A. 1999 The evaluation of white-rot fungi in the decolouration of textile dyes Enzyme and Microbial Technology 24 130 137 CrossRef Google Scholar Tien, M., Kirk, T.K. 1988 Lignin peroxidase of Phanerochaete chrysosporium Methods in Enzymology 161 238 249 Google Scholar Toh, Y.C., Yen, J.J.L., Obbard, J.P., Ting, Y.P. 2003 Decolourization of azo dyes by white-rot fungi (white-rot fungi) isolated in Singapore Enzyme and Microbial Technology 33 569 575 CrossRef Google Scholar Vaidya, A.A., Date, K.V. 1982 Environmental pollution during chemical processing of synthetic fibers Colourage 14 3 10 Google Scholar Willmott, N., Guthrie, J., Nelson, G. 1998 The biotechnology approach to colour removal from textile effluent Journal of the Society of Dyers and Colourists 114 38 41 Google Scholar Zhang, S.J., Yang, M., Yang, Q.X., Zhang, Y., Xin, B.P., Pan, F. 2003 Biosorption of reactive dyes by mycelium pellets of a new isolate of Penicillium oxalicum Biotechnology Letters 25 1479 1488 Google Scholar