, 224:1449
Date: 08 Feb 2013

Aromatic Hydrocarbon Degradation by Halophilic Archaea Isolated from Çamaltı Saltern, Turkey

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Abstract

The aims of the present study were to identify the halophilic Archaea that can degrade aromatic hydrocarbons (namely, p-hydroxybenzoic acid, naphthalene, phenanthrene, and pyrene) and to determine their catabolic pathways in the process of degrading the hydrocarbons. It was determined nine archaeal isolates used p-hydroxybenzoic acid, naphthalene, phenanthrene, and pyrene as sole carbon and energy sources. The isolates were identified as Halobacterium piscisalsi, Halorubrum ezzemoulense, Halobacterium salinarium, Haloarcula hispanica, Haloferax sp., Halorubrum sp., and Haloarcula sp. by 16S rRNA gene sequences. Activity of catechol 1,2 dioxygenase and protocatechuate 3,4 dioxygenase enzyme of the ortho cleavage pathway were detected. Determination of the genes of these dioxygenases was also shown. This study clearly demonstrated for the first time that Halorubrum sp. and H. ezzemoulense among the isolates were able to grow at 20 % (w/v) NaCl, utilizing p-hydroxy-benzoic acid, naphthalene, phenanthrene, and pyrene as the sole carbon sources.