Arsenic Removal from Water by Iron-Modified Bamboo Charcoal
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- Liu, X., Ao, H., Xiong, X. et al. Water Air Soil Pollut (2012) 223: 1033. doi:10.1007/s11270-011-0921-7
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The effectiveness of a novel and low-cost adsorbent, iron-modified bamboo charcoal (BC-Fe), for arsenic removal from aqueous systems was evaluated in this study. The BC-Fe was synthesized by loading iron onto bamboo charcoal via soaking in a ferric salt solution. The BC-Fe possessed a porous structure with a surface area of 277.895 m2/g. The adsorption characteristics of arsenic onto BC-Fe were further investigated at various pHs, contact times, arsenic concentrations, and adsorbent doses in batch tests. The corresponding optimum equilibrium pH ranges for As(III) and As(V) removal were 4–5 and 3–4, respectively. The equilibrium times for As(III) and As(V) adsorption were 30 and 35.5 h, respectively. The arsenic removal was strongly dependent on the initial adsorbate concentration and adsorbent dosage. The maximum arsenic removal capacities of BC-Fe under the experimental conditions were 7.237 and 19.771 mg/g for As(III) and As(V), respectively. The pseudo-second-order kinetic model and Freundlich isotherm explained the kinetic and equilibrium of both the As(III) and As(V) adsorbent processes, respectively. Based on these results, the BC-Fe developed in this study is a promising material for the treatment of arsenic-contaminated water.