Water, Air, & Soil Pollution

, Volume 171, Issue 1, pp 19–28

Interactive Effects of Copper, Cadmium and Lead on Zinc Accumulation in the Gastropod Mollusc Littorina Saxatilis


DOI: 10.1007/s11270-005-9009-6

Cite this article as:
Daka, E.R. & Hawkins, S.J. Water Air Soil Pollut (2006) 171: 19. doi:10.1007/s11270-005-9009-6


The effects of copper, cadmium and lead on the bioaccumulation of zinc were studied in populations of the gastropod mollusc Littorina saxatilis from sites in the Isle of Man subjected to varying degrees of mine-related metal contamination. Exposures to 2 mg/L Zn alone and in combinations with 0.01 mg/L, 0.1 mg/L and 1 mg/L of the respective metals were conducted at ∼10 C in semi-static assays. Copper had a significant antagonistic effect on Zn accumulation at 1 mg/L Cu, but was not antagonistic at 0.01 and 0.1 mg/L Cu. Prior exposure to metals in the field did not appear to affect the interactive effect of copper as all populations showed similar patterns. Combinations of Zn with Cd or Pb at the above concentrations did not show any significant effects on Zn accumulation. On the other hand, Zn had an antagonistic effect on Cd and Pb accumulation but showed inconsistent effects on Cu accumulation. Interactions of Cu and Zn in particular may have repercussions for interpretation of biomonitoring data in L. saxatilis.


bioaccumulation gastropod mollusc heavy metals interaction littorinid 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Port Erin Marine Laboratory, School of Biological SciencesUniversity of LiverpoolIsle of ManUK
  2. 2.Division of Biodiversity and Ecology, School of Biological SciencesUniversity of SouthamptonSouthamptonUK
  3. 3.The LaboratoryMarine Biological Association of the United KingdomPlymouthUK
  4. 4.Department of Applied and Environmental BiologyRivers State University of Science and TechnologyPort HarcourtNigeria

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