Water, Air, and Soil Pollution

, Volume 166, Issue 1, pp 49–63

Environmental Impact of Chemical Deicers – A Review

  • Devikarani M. Ramakrishna
  • Thiruvenkatachari Viraraghavan
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11270-005-8265-9

Cite this article as:
Ramakrishna, D.M. & Viraraghavan, T. Water Air Soil Pollut (2005) 166: 49. doi:10.1007/s11270-005-8265-9

Abstract

Increased application of chemical deicers for winter maintenance has resulted in increased concentrations of deicer constituents in the environment. The runoffs from the deicing operation have a deteriorating effect on soil and water quality. But the degree of impact is localized and it depends on various climatic factors and can also be attributed to the type of salts used and their storage conditions. This paper presents a review of the environmental impact of deicing chemicals.

Keywords

road saltschemical deicerssurface watergroundwatersoilsimpacts

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Devikarani M. Ramakrishna
    • 1
  • Thiruvenkatachari Viraraghavan
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of EngineeringUniversity of ReginaReginaCanada