, Volume 7, Issue 1-3, pp 379-384,
Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.
Date: 30 Jan 2007

Critical Loads and Dynamic Modelling to Assess European Areas at Risk of Acidification and Eutrophication


European critical loads and novel dynamic modelling data have been compiled under the LRTAP Convention by the Coordination Centre for Effects. In 2000 9.8% of the pan-European and 20.8% of the EU25 ecosystem area were at risk of acidification. For eutrophication (nutrient N) the areas at risk were 30.1 and 71.2%, respectively. Dynamic modelling results reveal that 95% of the area at risk of acidification could recover by 2030 provided acid deposition is reduced according to present legislation. Insight into the timing of effects of exceedances of critical loads for nutrient N necessitates the further development of dynamic models.