, Volume 102, Issue 1-3, pp 18-32

A 3D Imaging Framework Based on High-Resolution Photometric-Stereo and Low-Resolution Depth

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Abstract

This paper introduces a 3D imaging framework that combines high-resolution photometric stereo and low-resolution depth. Our approach targets imaging scenarios based on either macro-lens photography combined with focal stacking or a large-format camera that are able to image objects with more than 600 samples per mm $^2$ . These imaging techniques allow photometric stereo algorithms to obtain surface normals at resolutions that far surpass corresponding depth values obtained with traditional approaches such as structured-light, passive stereo, or depth-from-focus. Our work offers two contributions for 3D imaging based on these scenarios. The first is a multi-resolution, patched-based surface reconstruction scheme that can robustly handle the significant resolution difference between our surface normals and depth samples. The second is a method to improve the initial normal estimation by using all the available focal information for images obtained using a focal stacking technique.