, Volume 45, Issue 2, pp 311-315,
Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.
Date: 18 Jul 2012

Genetic characterization of Bhanja virus and Palma virus, two tick-borne phleboviruses

Abstract

The genomes of Bhanja virus (BHAV) and Palma virus (PALV) two tick-borne viruses hitherto grouped into the Bhanja virus antigenic complex of the Bunyaviridae were determined by pyrosequencing. Phylogenetic analysis groups all three segments of BHAV and PALV into a distinct clade of tick-borne phleboviruses together with the newly described severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus and Uukuniemi virus. The terminal signature sequences which are signatures for taxonomic grouping and important for virus replication and RNA transcription show marked differences in the L- and S-segments.