Genomic characterization of a novel group A lamb rotavirus isolated in Zaragoza, Spain
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- Ciarlet, M., Hoffmann, C., Lorusso, E. et al. Virus Genes (2008) 37: 250. doi:10.1007/s11262-008-0257-6
An ovine rotavirus (OVR) strain, 762, was isolated from a 30-day-old lamb affected with severe gastroenteritis, in Zaragoza, Spain, and the VP4, VP7, VP6, NSP4, and NSP5/NSP6 genes were subsequently characterized molecularly. Strain OVR762 was classified as a P rotavirus, as the VP4 and VP8* trypsin-cleavage product of the VP4 protein revealed the highest amino acid (aa) identity (94% and 97%, respectively) with that of the P11 human rotavirus (HRV) strain PA169, isolated in Italy. Analysis of the VP7 gene product revealed that OVR762 possessed G8 serotype specificity, a type common in ruminants, with the highest degree of aa identity (95–98%) shared with serotype G8 HRV, bovine rotavirus, and guanaco (Lama guanicoe) rotavirus strains. Moreover, strain OVR762 displayed a bovine-like NSP4 (genotype E2) and NSP5/NSP6 (genotype H3), and a VP6 genotype I2, as well as a long electropherotype pattern. This is the first report of a lamb rotavirus with P and G8 specificities, providing additional evidence for the wide genetic and antigenic diversity of group A rotaviruses.