Plant Ecology

, Volume 210, Issue 2, pp 253–261

Can CSR classification be generally applied outside Britain?

  • Bruno E. L. Cerabolini
  • Guido Brusa
  • Roberta M. Ceriani
  • Rossella De Andreis
  • Alessandra Luzzaro
  • Simon Pierce
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11258-010-9753-6

Cite this article as:
Cerabolini, B.E.L., Brusa, G., Ceriani, R.M. et al. Plant Ecol (2010) 210: 253. doi:10.1007/s11258-010-9753-6

Abstract

The general applicability of CSR classification (a methodology for applying CSR theory) has not been tested outside Britain. We hypothesised that principal axes of trait variation for plant species native to southern European continental, sub-alpine and alpine bioclimatic zones correlate with CSR classification scores. Functional traits were quantified in situ for 506 species of 57 families. Multivariate analysis revealed three main modes in which plants invested biomass: (1) architectural extension of individual ramets (tall canopies, large leaves), (2) durable tissues (high leaf dry matter contents and carbon contents, low specific leaf areas) or (3) regenerative development (early, extensive flowering with delicate, nitrogen-rich leaves). These were highly significantly correlated with the extent of competitive ability (C), stress-tolerance (S) and ruderalism (R), respectively, determined by CSR classification. Despite being calibrated using only 43 British species, CSR classification is consistent with trait variation in a phylogenetically broader sample of species native to a wider range of bioclimatic zones.

Keywords

Adaptive radiationCSR theoryCSR triangleFunctional traitsGrimePlant functional typePlant strategiesTrade-off

Supplementary material

11258_2010_9753_MOESM1_ESM.xls (795 kb)
Appendix S1 The FIFTH database: the functional trait values for species in this database were used to produce the PCA and CSR classification during the present study (Microsoft Excel format). (XLS 795 kb)

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bruno E. L. Cerabolini
    • 1
  • Guido Brusa
    • 1
  • Roberta M. Ceriani
    • 2
  • Rossella De Andreis
    • 1
  • Alessandra Luzzaro
    • 1
  • Simon Pierce
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Structural and Functional BiologyThe University of InsubriaVareseItaly
  2. 2.The Native Flora Centre (Centro Flora Autoctona; CFA)GalbiateItaly