User Modeling and User-Adapted Interaction

, Volume 15, Issue 1, pp 85–134

Using Dialogue Features to Predict Trouble During Collaborative Learning


    • The MITRE Corporation
  • Frank N. Linton
    • The MITRE Corporation
  • Robert D. Gaimari
    • The MITRE Corporation
  • Janet M. Hitzeman
    • The MITRE Corporation
  • Helen J. Ross
    • The MITRE Corporation
  • Guido Zarrella
    • The MITRE Corporation

DOI: 10.1007/s11257-004-5269-x

Cite this article as:
Goodman, B.A., Linton, F.N., Gaimari, R.D. et al. User Model User-Adap Inter (2005) 15: 85. doi:10.1007/s11257-004-5269-x


A web-based, collaborative distance-learning system that will allow groups of students to interact with each other remotely and with an intelligent electronic agent that will aid them in their learning has the potential for improving on-line learning. The agent would follow the discussion and interact with the participants when it detects learning trouble of some sort, such as confusion about the problem they are working on or a participant who is dominating the discussion or not interacting with the other participants. In order to recognize problems in the dialogue, we investigated conversational elements that can be utilized as predictors for effective and ineffective interaction between human students. These elements can serve as the basis for student and group models. In this paper, we discuss group interaction during collaborative learning, our representation of participant dialogue, and the statistical models we are using to determine the role being played by a participant at any point in the dialogue and the effectiveness of the group. We also describe student and group models that can be built using conversational elements and discuss one set that we built to illustrate their potential value in collaborative learning.


collaborative learningdialogue modelingdistance learninggroup modelingintelligent agentintelligent tutoring systemsstudent modelingtraining
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© Springer 2005