, Volume 41, Issue 1, pp 101-108
Date: 12 Sep 2008

The effects of molsidomine on hypoxia inducible factor alpha and Sonic hedgehog in testicular ischemia/reperfusion injury in rats

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Abstract

This study was designed to determine the effect of molsidomine (MO), a precursor of nitric oxide (NO) donor, on hypoxia inducible factor alpha (HIF-1α) and Sonic hedgehog (Shh) levels considered to be involved in the development of testes ischemia/reperfusion (I-R) injury. Torsions were created by rotating ipsilateral testes 720° in a clockwise direction for 6 h and 1-h detorsion of the testis was performed. A sham operation was performed in group 1 (control, n = 7). In group 2 (I-R/Untreated, n = 7), following 6 h of unilateral testicular torsion, 1-h detorsion of the testis was performed. No drug was given. In group 3 (I-R/MO), after performing the same surgical procedure as in group 2, a NO donor MO was given at the starting time of reperfusion. In group 4 (I-R/L-NAME), after performing the same surgical procedure as in group 2, L-NAME was given at the starting time of reperfusion. Testes malondialdehyde (MDA) levels were determined as well as examining the testes histologically. Treatment of rats with MO produced a significant reduction in the levels of MDA and histopathological score compared to testes I-R groups. The Sonic hedgehog (Shh) expression in the basement membrane of the tubuli seminiferi, and sertoli and germinal cells in testicular tissue, were greatly increased in the I-R/MO group compared to groups 1, 2 and 4. Additionally, the HIF-1α expression in the interstitial spaces in testicular tissue were greatly increased in the I-R/MO group. The results suggest that MO has a protective effect against ischemia/reperfusion injury in rat testes and may affect Shh and HIF-1α signaling pathway.