Hypertension and kidney protection in the elderly: what is the evidence in 2007?
- Robert D. LindemanAffiliated withDepartment of Internal Medicine, The School of Medicine, University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center Email author
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Hypertension and diabetes mellitus are the two most widely recognized risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD), chronic kidney disease (CKD), and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) requiring dialysis/transplantation; both become increasingly important as one ages. Common pathways and mechanisms are involved in the development of renal vascular lesions in both conditions, and effective treatments for each are now available to reduce morbidity, mortality and progression of organ damage. Although this review will focus primarily on the ability to protect the kidney and vasculature elsewhere by lowering blood pressure in the elderly, other approaches, specifically dietary restriction of protein, strict control of diabetes mellitus, and the management of the different dyslipidemias, must be used in conjunction with the antihypertensive agents to obtain optimum protection.
KeywordsHypertension Kidney protection Elderly
- Hypertension and kidney protection in the elderly: what is the evidence in 2007?
International Urology and Nephrology
Volume 39, Issue 2 , pp 669-678
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers
- Additional Links
- Kidney protection
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Internal Medicine, The School of Medicine, University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center, Room #215, Surge Building, 2701 Frontier Place, N.E, Albuquerque, NM, 87131-5666, USA