Brief Communication

Tropical Animal Health and Production

, Volume 43, Issue 3, pp 539-541

First online:

Bilateral follicular cysts in a water buffalo

  • F. A. KhanAffiliated withAnimal Reproduction Division, Indian Veterinary Research Institute Email author 
  • , S. U. NabiAffiliated withDivision of Veterinary Medicine, Indian Veterinary Research Institute
  • , Megha PandeAffiliated withAnimal Reproduction Division, Indian Veterinary Research Institute
  • , G. K. DasAffiliated withAnimal Reproduction Division, Indian Veterinary Research Institute
  • , M. SarkarAffiliated withNuclear Research Laboratory, Division of Physiology and Climatology, Indian Veterinary Research Institute

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The present short communication puts on record a case of bilateral, multiple follicular cysts in a water buffalo along with a detailed description of its ovarian biometry and follicular fluid composition. The ovarian weight and biometrical parameters were much higher than in normal cycling buffaloes. A total of three follicular cysts were observed, two on the right ovary and one on the left ovary, measuring 4.9, 3.0 and 2.6 cm yielding 21, 9 and 5 ml of follicular fluid, respectively. The cystic fluid was deep yellow in colour with a viscous consistency. The follicular fluid concentrations of glucose, total protein, cholesterol, acid phosphatase, calcium, phosphorus and progesterone in all the cysts were within the range reported previously in normal buffalo follicular fluid; however, the alkaline phosphatase concentration in cyst 1 and total bilirubin concentration in cysts 1 and 2 were higher than the values in normal follicular fluid. In contrast, the levels of urea nitrogen in cysts 1 and 3, and oestradiol in cyst 3 were lower than the normal values. All the three follicles had an oestradiol to progesterone ratio less than 1. The results of our study suggest that follicular cysts in buffalo are oestrogenically inactive and have an altered concentration of certain biochemical and hormonal constituents.


Buffalo Ovary Follicular cyst Biochemical Hormones