Tropical Animal Health and Production

, Volume 42, Issue 3, pp 363-373

First online:

Wild ostrich (Struthio camelus) ecology and physiology

  • Ross G. CooperAffiliated withPhysiology Division, Birmingham City University Email author 
  • , Jaroslaw O. HorbańczukAffiliated withInstitute of Genetics and Animal Breeding, Polish Academy of Sciences
  • , Raul Villegas-VizcaínoAffiliated withUniversidad Autónoma Agraria Antonio Narro
  • , Salwa Kennou SebeiAffiliated withEcole Supérieure d’Agriculture de Mograne
  • , Aisha E. Faki MohammedAffiliated withMinistry of Science & Technology, Animal Resources Research Corporation, Wild Life Research Centre
  • , Khalid M. A. MahroseAffiliated withDepartment of Poultry, Faculty of Agriculture, Zagazig University

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This work discusses some of the important considerations of wild ostrich evolution, behaviour and ecology, as items included in ostrich production. In the process considerable research was conducted by collating information from peer-reviewed papers; textbooks; manuals; and PubMed and Agricola searches. Selected areas reviewed included activity of ostriches; feeding and water needs; sexual maturity; egg laying and natural incubation; selected physiological parameters; and predation. There is an immediate and urgent need to conserve and protect the rapidly declining populations of wild ostriches with the committed involvement of governments and funding bodies.


Behaviour Ecology Evolution Ostrich