, Volume 42, Issue 2, pp 151-153
Date: 26 Jun 2009

A serologic investigation for Peste des petits ruminants infection in sheep, cattle and camels (Camelus dromedarius) in Aydın province, West Anatolia

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Introduction

Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) is economically important contagious viral disease of ruminants species in wide geographic area like Africa, Arabian Peninsula, Middle East and Southeastern Asia (Obi et al. 1984; Nanda et al. 1996; Dhar et al. 2002; Haroun et al. 2002; Albayrak and Alkan 2009; Al-Dubaib 2009). Sheep and goats are main hosts but all ruminants species are considering susceptible to the infection. Morbidity and mortality is variable in susceptible animals related to race and virulence of the virus (Taylor 1984; Dhar et al. 2002).

PPRV is a morbillivirus in the Paramyxoviridae family. There is close antigenic relationship with rinderpest (RPV), canine distemper virus, measles virus, dolphin distemper virus, phocine distemper virus, porpoise distemper virus (Gibbs et al. 1979; Murphy et al. 1995; Barrett 1999). On the basis of partial sequence analysis of the fusion (F) gene of PPRV, 4 distinct lineages were identified so far. Lineage 4 was detected in India, Ban ...