Tropical Animal Health and Production

, Volume 38, Issue 4, pp 291–299

Estimated direct economic costs associated with tick-borne diseases on cattle in Tanzania

Authors

    • Population StudiesAnimal Diseases Research Institute
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11250-006-4181-2

Cite this article as:
Kivaria, F.M. Trop Anim Health Prod (2006) 38: 291. doi:10.1007/s11250-006-4181-2

Abstract

Tick-borne diseases, namely, anaplasmosis, babesiosis, cowdriosis and theileriosis, constrain cattle production and improvement in Tanzania, leading to considerable economic losses. A simple spreadsheet model was used to estimate the economic losses resulting from production losses, treatment and control costs associated with tick-borne diseases (TBD) in Tanzania. Model parameters included the national cattle population, reported TBD morbidity, fatality risk, and chemotherapy and control measures used. The total annual national loss due TBD was estimated to be 364 million USD, including an estimated mortality of 1.3 million cattle. Theileriosis accounted for 68% of the total loss, while anaplasmosis and babesiosis each accounted for 13% and cowdriosis accounted for 6% of the total loss. Costs associated with mortality, chemotherapy and acaricide application accounted for 49%, 21% and 14% of the total estimated annual TBD losses, respectively, infection and treatment method milk loss and weight loss accounted for 1%, 6% and 9% of the total annual loss, respectively. Despite the inadequacies of the data used, the results give evidence that tick-borne diseases inflict substantial economic losses on cattle production and resource use in Tanzania.

Keywords

Disease costsEconomicsTick-borne diseaseTanzania

Abbreviations

ADRI

animal diseases research institute

ECF

East coast fever

ITM

infection and treatment method

MOAC

Ministry of agriculture and cooperatives

TBD

tick-borne diseases

USD

US dollars

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media B.V. 2006