, Volume 49, Issue 1, pp 281-290

Tribological Properties and Wear Mechanisms of NiCr–Al2O3–SrSO4–Ag Self-Lubricating Composites at Elevated Temperatures

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Abstract

NiCr–Al2O3–SrSO4–Ag self-lubricating composites were prepared by powder metallurgy method and the tribological properties of composites were evaluated by a ball-on-disk tribometer against alumina ball at wide temperature range from the room temperature to 1,000 °C in air. The linear coefficient of thermal expansion was evaluated for investigation of thermal stability of composites. The tribo-chemical reaction films formed on the rubbing surfaces and their effects on the tribological properties of composites at different temperatures were addressed according to the surface characterization by SEM, XRD, and XPS. The results show that the NiCr–Al2O3 composite with addition of 10 wt% SrSO4 and 10 wt% Ag exhibits satisfying friction and wear properties over the entire temperature range from room temperature to 1,000 °C. The composition of the tribo-layers on the worn surfaces of the composites is varied at different temperatures. The synergistic lubricating effect of SrAl4O7, Ag, and NiCr2O4 lubricating films formed on worn surfaces were identified to reduce the friction coefficient and wear rate from room temperature to 800 °C. Meanwhile, at 1,000 °C, the SrCrO4 and NiAl2O4 was formed on the worn surfaces during sliding process, combining with the NiCr2O4, Al2O3, Cr2O3, Ag, and Ag2O, which play an important role in the formation of a continuous lubricating film on the sliding surface.