Tribological Behaviour of Pure Ti with a Nanocrystalline Surface Layer Under Different Loads
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- Wen, M., Wen, C., Hodgson, P.D. et al. Tribol Lett (2012) 45: 59. doi:10.1007/s11249-011-9862-y
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Surface mechanical attrition treatment (SMAT), a novel surface severe plastic deformation method, was carried out for titanium (Ti) to create a gradient-structured Ti (SMAT Ti). The tribological behaviour was studied under different loads and dry sliding conditions. The results showed that the deformation layer of SMAT Ti was about 160 μm. The friction and wear results showed that the wear resistance of SMAT Ti was enhanced compared to the coarse-grained (CG) counterpart. SMAT Ti showed abrasive wear under 1 and 5 N, and exhibited abrasive and adhesive wear under 2 N. While CG Ti showed abrasive and adhesive wear under 1–2 N, and exhibited abrasive wear under 5 N for the work hardening effects.