Tribology Letters

, Volume 24, Issue 3, pp 265–273

Studies on friction and transfer layer: role of surface texture


DOI: 10.1007/s11249-006-9129-1

Cite this article as:
Menezes, P., Kishore & Kailas, S. Tribol Lett (2006) 24: 265. doi:10.1007/s11249-006-9129-1


Friction influences the nature of transfer layer formed at the interface between tool and metal during sliding. In the present investigation, experiments were conducted using “Inclined Scratch Tester” to understand the effect of surface texture of hard surfaces on coefficient of friction and transfer layer formation. EN8 steel flats were ground to attain surfaces of different textures with different roughness. Then super purity aluminium pins were scratched against the prepared steel flats. Scanning electron micrographs of the contact surfaces of pins and flats were used to reveal the morphology of transfer layer. It was observed that the coefficient of friction and the formation of transfer layer depend primarily on the texture of hard surfaces, but independent of surface roughness of hard surfaces. It was observed that on surfaces that promote plane strain conditions near the surface, the transfer of material takes place due to the plowing action of the asperities. But, on a surface that promotes plane stress conditions the transfer layer was more due to the adhesion component of friction. It was observed that the adhesion component increases for surfaces that have random texture but was constant for the other surfaces.


frictionsurface textureinclined scratchtransfer layer

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of MetallurgyIndian Institute of ScienceBangaloreIndia
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringIndian Institute of ScienceBangaloreIndia