, Volume 23, Issue 1, pp 65-75
Date: 22 Aug 2006

Wear behaviour of carbon nanotube reinforced epoxy resin composites

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Abstract

This paper deals with the effect of a multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) reinforcement on the wear behaviour of Epoxy (EP) composites. Firstly, various dispersion methods were compared. Secondly, the optimum CNT amount was evaluated. In a third step, dry lubricants were added to the optimised EP/CNT composite. Finally, the influence of the steel counterpart (martensitic bearing steel 100Cr6 and austenitic stainless steel X5CrNi18-10) was studied. The preparation method was found to have a decisive effect on the wear behaviour of the composite. A pre-treatment of the CNTs in concentrated nitric acid proved beneficial. Even more important was the mixing method. A dual asymmetric centrifuge delivered so good wear results that the pre-treatment could be skipped. The optimum CNT content was at about 1 wt%, regardless of the preparation method. The lowest wear rates were found after addition of 10 wt% graphite. MoS2 proved to be less effective and Polytetrafluorethylene (PTFE) even increased the wear. The wear rates against the unalloyed martensitic steel were far higher than against austenitic stainless steel.