, Volume 17, Issue 4, pp 961-966

Investigation of the Mending Effect and Mechanism of Copper Nano-Particles on a Tribologically Stressed Surface

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Abstract

The mending effect and mechanism of metal nano-particles in an area undergoing wear are quite important for both the fundamental theory of nano-tribology and the development of lubricant additives. This paper presents research on the mending effect of copper nano-particles added to lubricant oil. Pin-on-disk experiments and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) observations show that copper nano-particles do display an excellent mending effect. The observation by Scanning Tunnelling Microscopy (STM) reveals that the mending effect results from the deposition of copper nano-particles onto the wear scar. It has also been disclosed by heating simulation that, due to nano-scale effects, which bring about decrease in the diffusion temperature of copper nano-particles, the heat generated by friction leads to the diffusion of copper nano-particles and their subsequent deposition, which finally results in the so-called mending effect.