, Volume 55, Issue 5-6, pp 290-299
Date: 24 Apr 2012

Decomposition of Furan on Pd(111)

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Abstract

Periodic density functional theory calculations (GGA-PBE) have been performed to investigate the mechanism for the decomposition of furan up to CO formation on the Pd(111) surface. At 1/9 ML coverage, furan adsorbs with its molecular plane parallel to the surface in several states with nearly identical adsorption energies of −1.0 eV. The decomposition of furan begins with the opening of the ring at the C–O position with an activation barrier of E a  = 0.82 eV, which yields a C4H4O aldehyde species that rapidly loses the α H to form C4H3O (E a  = 0.40 eV). C4H3O further dehydrogenates at the δ position to form C4H2O (E a  = 0.83 eV), before the α–β C–C bond dissociates (E a  = 1.08 eV) to form CO. Each step is the lowest-barrier dissociation step in the respective species. A simple kinetic analysis suggests that furan decomposition begins at 240–270 K and is mostly complete by 320 K, in close agreement with previous experiments. It is suggested that the C4H2O intermediate delays the decarbonylation step up to 350 K.