, Volume 54, Issue 5-7, pp 334-348
Date: 15 Feb 2011

Effect of Particle Size and Adsorbates on the L3, L2 and L1 X-ray Absorption Near Edge Structure of Supported Pt Nanoparticles

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Abstract

Pt nano-particles from about 1 to 10 nm have been prepared on silica, alkali-silica, alumina, silica-alumina, carbon and SBA-15 supports. EXAFS spectra of the reduced catalysts in He show a contraction of the Pt–Pt bond distance as particle size is decreased below 3 nm. The bond length decreased as much as 0.13 Å for 1 nm Pt particles. Adsorption of CO and H2 lead to a increase in Pt–Pt bond distance to that near Pt foil, e.g., 2.77 Å. In addition to changes in the Pt bond distance with size, as the particle size decreases below about 5 nm there is a shift in the XANES to higher energy at the L3 edge, a decrease in intensity near the edge and an increase in intensity beyond the edge. We suggest these features correspond to effects of coordination (the decrease at the edge) and lattice contraction (the increase beyond the edge). At the L2 edge, there are only small shifts to higher energy at the edge. However, beyond the edge, there are large increases in intensity with decreasing particle size. At the L1 edge there are no changes in position or shape of the XANES spectra. Adsorption of CO and H2 also lead to changes in the L3 and L2 edges, however, no changes are observed at the L1 edge. Density Functional Theory and XANES calculations show that the trends in the experimental XANES can be explained in terms of the states available near the edge. Both CO and H2 adsorption result in a depletion of states at the Fermi level but the creation of anti-bonding states above the Fermi level which give rise to intensity increases beyond the edge.