Nano-structuring of solid oxide fuel cells cathodes
- Cite this article as:
- Serra, J.M., Uhlenbruck, S., Meulenberg, W.A. et al. Top Catal (2006) 40: 123. doi:10.1007/s11244-006-0114-6
Different approaches are proposed for increasing the overall performance of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) by promoting the nano-structuring of perovskitic cathode layers. The formation of pore systems in the nanometer scale will make available a larger surface area (three-phase-boundary) for the electrocatalytic processes occurring on the air electrode. Two different concepts can be pursued for this purpose: (i) synthesis of thermally-stable mesoporous particles and ulterior deposition of them as macroporous films using coating techniques such as screen printing; and (ii) production of nano-structured films of regularly-arranged nano-sized particles of electrocatalytic materials over the dense electrolyte. The first progresses in the synthesis of nano-structured LSFC cathode layers following the first approach are depicted as well as their electrochemical characterization when using them as SOFC cathodes assembled on complete anode-supported (Ni-YSZ/YSZ) fuel cells.