Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture (PCTOC)

, Volume 100, Issue 1, pp 97–105

In vitro regeneration and morphogenesis studies in common bean

  • Kingdom Kwapata
  • Robab Sabzikar
  • Mariam B. Sticklen
  • James D. Kelly
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s11240-009-9624-9

Cite this article as:
Kwapata, K., Sabzikar, R., Sticklen, M.B. et al. Plant Cell Tiss Organ Cult (2010) 100: 97. doi:10.1007/s11240-009-9624-9

Abstract

An efficient protocol for high frequency in vitro regeneration of multiple shoots and somatic embryos from the embryonic axis of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) was developed. Ten common bean cultivars representing a wide range of diversity among current commercial market classes were used for in vitro regeneration evaluation in our study. These cultivars were tested on 63 different media formulations consisting of combinations of cytokinins, namely benzyladenine (BA) and thidiazuron (TDZ) at concentration levels of 0.0, 1.0, 2.5, 5.0 and 10.0 mg l−1 and auxin, namely naphthalene acetic acid (NAA) and indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) at concentration levels of 0.0, 0.05, 0.1 and 1.0 mg l−1. P. vulgaris cv. Olathe pinto bean performed the best producing over 20 multiple shoots per explant while cv. Condor black bean was the poorest with nine multiple shoots per explant. The optimum media for regeneration of multiple shoots was 4.4 mg l−1 Murashige and Skoog (MS) containing 2.5 mg l−1 BA and 0.1 mg l−1 IAA supplemented with 30 mg l−1 silver nitrate. Adventitious shoots and somatic embryos were regenerated on 4.4 mg l−1 MS medium containing 1 mg l−1 TDZ and 0.05 mg l−1 NAA supplemented with 30 mg l−1 silver nitrate or activated charcoal. Efficient and effective rooting of plantlets was achieved by dipping the cut end base of in vitro regenerated shoots in 1.0 mg l−1 indole-3-butyric acid (IBA) solution and culturing on media containing 4.4 mg l−1 MS supplemented by 0.1 mg l−1 IAA, NAA or IBA.

Keywords

In vitroOrganogenesisSomatic embryogenesisEmbryonic axisP. vulgaris L.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kingdom Kwapata
    • 1
  • Robab Sabzikar
    • 1
  • Mariam B. Sticklen
    • 1
  • James D. Kelly
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Crop and Soil SciencesMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA